Breast cancer

  • This patient education booklet is the Armenian version of the publication “ASCO answers: breast cancer” compiled by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). The special permission for translating this patient education material into Armenian was granted by ASCO to HENARAN charitable foundation in 2018. The information contained in this booklet is fully adapted for a non-professional audience. The original in English can be found here
    The booklet contains valuable information on diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, which has been compiled based on the experience of the world's leading cancer centers. The booklet is designed for breast cancer patients and caregivers to provide better understanding of the diagnostic and therapeutic measures, the treatment plan and the body’s reaction to treatment, as well as increase awareness about the disease and the latest treatment options available.


  • The patient education booklet “Chemotherapy: a guidebook for patients and caregivers” was developed on the initiative of HENARAN charitable foundation as a response to the request of patients who voiced their need for appropriately guiding and educating materials on cancer care in Armenian.
    The booklet is intended for patients receiving chemotherapy and their caregivers. Armenian doctors, in cooperation with cancer survivors and patient organizations, have gathered comprehensive information on many issues of concern to patients. The booklet covers in detail the possible complications and side effects of chemotherapy, as well as gives clear and concise advice on how to mitigate or prevent these and avoid possible mistakes.


  • The patient education booklet “Lymphedema: a guidebook for patients diagnosed with breast cancer” is designed for women who receive breast cancer treatment and have a risk of developing lymphedema.
    HENARAN charitable foundation, in cooperation with Armenian doctors and cancer survivors, has compiled comprehensive information on many issues of concern to patients, which may arise after surgery and/or radiation therapy prescribed within their breast cancer treatment plan. Patients can have better understanding of lymphedema, its symptoms, self-care for hand and arm, etc.

Breast biopsy

  • Many of you might have heard from a doctor, while still in the diagnosing process, that a biopsy is needed to either confirm or deny the suspicion of cancer occurrence.
    In the event of a breast cancer, the biopsy verifies whether the lesion or suspicious area detected by the mammogram is cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). The examination of a small tissue extracted through biopsy is the only way to ascertain and verify the presence of cancer cells.
    More detailed information on what is a biopsy, its types and how it is handled on the breast can be found in the article Breast biopsy while the specific recommendations that should be observed after the breast biopsy is performed are presented in this patient information flyer.

Breast self-exam

  • Breast self-examination is still considered to be an effective method for early detection or diagnosis of benign and malignant neoplasms of the breast. Women who regularly perform breast self-exams, being well-informed and proficient in the right technique for performing a self-exam, are able to personally detect some early changes in their breasts.
    Every woman should know that breast self-exam has to be performed every month, 2-3 days after the end of menstruation. Menopausal women should also regularly perform their breast self-exams on a specific day of each month (for example, the 1st, 3rd, or 5th).
    While performing you regular breast self-exam you can follow the recommendations in this information leaflet.